We have a vast allopathy science in this 21st century but our Ayurveda is still a very important branch of our medical world. Medicinal plants have played a very vital role in our medical sciences. They contains many chemical compounds which are beneficial for our health and are used in the treatment of many diseases. Here are few most commonly used medicinal plants:
1. Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera is one of the most commonly found medicinal plant in every house. It’s gel is used in the treatment of skin infections including acne, rashes, pimples and also in treating hair problems also. Aloe vera is good for our health. It is used in the formation of many medicines and cosmetic products.
Ashwagandha is a medicinal herb used most widely in Ayurvedic sciences. It has many benefits including stress reducer, good eye health, increases bone strength and also boosts immune system. Ashwagandha is also known as “Winter cherry“. Ashwagandha purifies our blood and removes toxicity from blood. Ashwagandha also helps to stimulates our nervous system and reduces anxiety and depression. In general Ashwagandha is consumed as powder.
3. Basil (Tulsi)
In India Basil has a spiritual connection. It has been worshiped from thousands of years just because of its medicinal benefits. It is a versatile medicinal plant which have hundreds of benefits. It has antiviral, antifungal and anti bacterial properties. Tulsi leaves are good for digestion and respiratory problems. The most common benefit of basil is that it boosts up our immunity level. Every household have a plant of tulsi in their houses.
4. Azadirachta (Neem)
Neem is one of the most common anti bacterial tree. Its anti bacterial, antiviral and anti fungal properties make it a common medicinal plant which is used in treating many diseases. Mostly it is used in treating skin problems, ulcers, blood toxicity, intestinal worms, low sperm level, diabetes, Dental plaque etc. Neem is also extensively used in the treatment of Malaria Neem contains some special chemical compounds which makes it so special.
Cinchona, best known for quinine is a medicinal plant from alkaloid family. Quinine, Quinidine, cinchonine and cinchonidine are the four chemical compounds found in cinchona bark. Cinchona is widely used in the treatment of Malaria because of quinine. Cinchona bark is extensively used in treating stomach queries like promoting digestive juices, loss of appetite, stomach ulcer and blotting also. It is used in treating varicose veins, mouth ulcer, respiratory diseases, blood toxicity and many skin infections.
6. Leadwort (Chitvan)
The scientific name of Leadwort is Alstonia scholaris. This medicinal plant is mostly found in Tropical regions. It is used as antipyretic and antibiotic mostly. The bark of leadwort contains chemicals like Ditamine, Echitamine, Echitanine, Echicaoutchien, Echicerin, Echitin, Echitein and Echiretin. In Ayurveda sciences it is extensively used in treating skin infections, digestive tract ulcer, Menstrual Disorders and in high fever.
7. Rosary Pea (Ratti)
Basically Rosary Pea is a climber which is folds itself over huge trees. There are numerous medicinal benefits of rosary pea. In herbal industry it’s oil is highly used. Rosary pea is used in the treatment of acne vulgaris, skin rashes, baldness or hair fall and many other skin disorders. Along with benefits it also have some side effects also. Rosary pea consumption is considered totally unsafe during pregnancy and lactation. It act as abortifacient. It expels put fetus by uterine bleeding.
8. Staff Tree (Malkagini)
Staff tree is a very common medicinal plant found in tropical regions. It is most commonly used in the treatment of inflammations and backpain. The seeds of this plant is good for nervous system and is given to the patients of memory loss and Alzheimer.