There are many Dangerous and Strongest acids which are highly corrosive, hazardous and irritant in nature and one drop of them can burn our skin. We have heard about many acid accidents in our labs and sometimes they are so worse that a person would lost their eyes, limbs and would suffer from permanent deformities.
The strength of an acid is determine by the ability of acid to donate Hydrogen ions. More donation of hydrogen ions more will be the strength. Strength of acids are measured by pH Scale.
What is pH Scale?
The full form of pH is ‘potential of hydrogen’ or ‘power of hydrogen’. pH Scale starts from 0 and ends at 14. pH 7 shows neutral solution. PH below 7 means the solution is acidic in nature whereas pH above 7 shows basic nature. More and more the lower value of pH means the acid is stronger.
Here are top 7 “super acids” which are highly dangerous and strongest in nature.
1. Which is the world’s most strongest Acid? – Carborane acid
The answer is Carborane acid!!
Carborane acid is made in a lab of California. And one of the most strongest acid and corrosive in the chemical world. It is the first “super acid” which can be store in a glass bottle. The chemical formula of Carborane acid is H(CHB11Cl11).
2. Sulphuric Acid
Sulphuric acid is odorless, highly viscous and most common known strongest acid. It is highly exothermic when mixed in water. Even in very dilute form, a single drop of sulphuric acid causes burning sensation. It is used in cleaning agents. The chemical formula of sulphuric acid is H2SO4.
Do you know?
This acid is so strong that it can dissolve our bones in it !!
3. Nitric acid
Nitric acid is a highly toxic and explosive acid. Whenever it put on an metal, brown fumes of NO2 gas get evolve. Nitric Acid is also known as aqua fortis. Nitric Acid and Hydrochloric acid in the ratio of 1:3 respectively form Aqua regia mixture. Aqua regia is used to dissolves nobel metals likes Gold, silver and Platinum.
4. Hydrochloric acid
Hydrochloric acid is one of the strongest acid and hence corrosive in nature. It has a very strong application in steel industry in pickling step, paper industry etc. It is also widely used in Plastic industry because it is used in the manufacturing of Poly vinyl chloride (PVC) polymer synthesis. HCl is used as disinfectant.
Do you know?
Our stomach also have concentrated Hydrochloric acid.
5. Fluorosulphuric acid
Fluorosulphuric acid is one of the strongest acid available commercially. Also known as “Super acid” The chemical formula is HSO3F. Just a Hydrogen is replaced by F in H2SO4. Fluorine is the most electronegative element of Periodic table. It makes it more acidic. Along with antimony pentafluoride it produces “Magic Acid” and it’s strength also increases.
Do you know ?
- Fluorosulphuric acid is used in “Glass art” !!
- This acid is so strong that it can’t be stored in a glass bottle because it would eat glass. Just Imagine, glass is least reactive substance and this acid reacts with it. AMAZING!!
6. Perchloric Acid
Perchloric acid is highly corrosive and dangerous acid. It act as a strong oxidizing agent. This acid have application in Rocket fuel synthesis. Perchloric acid is a main ingredient in the synthesis of Ammonium perchlorate which is a component of rocket fuel. Perchloric acid is highly explosive in nature. It’s chemical formula is HClO4. This acid always comes among the list of top strongest acid.
7. Hydrofluoric Acid
Hydrofluoric acid is so strong that it’s one drop on your palm can make hole in it. It has huge application in refrigerants, herbicides, pharmaceuticals, high-octane gasoline, aluminum, plastics industry. This acid is also used in Glass and metal Art work.