Presently, there are only eight species of big cats that survived out of thirty eight diverse group of large felid carnivores. These eight living species are classified into three groups that include the Panthera, Felis, and Acinonyx. Each species is quite unique and can be distinguished from the others by their different body size, behavior, and appearance.
The scientific name of this large cat is “Panthera pardu” . Leopard is one of the extant species of large cats. They are mainly found in Sub-Saharan Africa, small parts of western and central Asia and in Indian subcontinent. Compared to other wild cats, the leopard has relatively short legs and a long body with a large skull. The leopard depends mainly on its acute senses of hearing and vision for hunting. They mostly hunts at night in most areas. They are one of the best source of tourism in many country. They can run at a speed of 58 km/hour and they can live up-to 17 years.
Jaguar – Panthera onca
It is also one of the extant species of large cats on planet. The scientific name of jaguar is “Panthera Onca”. These are always in danger because of hunting. They enjoy swimming and is largely solitary, stalk and ambush predator at the top of the food chain. They are mainly found in southwestern part of united states, Mexico and Argentina. They can run at a speed of 80 km/hour and they can live up-to 15 years.
The scientific name of tiger is “Panthera tigris”. As of 2015, the global wild tiger population was estimated to number between 3,062 and 3,948. India currently hosts the largest tiger population. They can run at a speed of 65 km/hour and they can live up-to 15 years. Tiger is the national animal of many countries such as India, Bangladesh, Malaysia and South Korea. They are mainly found in India, Russia, Nepal and Indonesia.
Lion – Panthera leo
The scientific name of Lion is “Panthera Leo”. They can run at a speed of 80 km/hour and they can live up-to 14 years. Lions are known as “king of the jungle” or the “king of beasts,” they are at the top of the food chain, and they hunt and eat other animals to survive such as dear, wild boar, buffalo’s and ungulates. Lions inhabits in grassland and savannas of central Asia and south Europe and Africa.
Black Panther – Panthera onca
The scientific name of Black panther is “Panthera onca”. Black panthers live chiefly in the hot, dense tropical rain forests of South and Southeast Asia. They are mainly in Southwestern China, Burma, Nepal, Southern India, Indonesia, and the southern part of Malaysia. They can run at a speed of 70 km/hour and they can live up-to 16 years.
Snow Leopard – Panthera uncia
The scientific name of snow leopard is “Panthera Uncia”. Snow Leopard is one of the extant species of large cats. They are a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia especially in Himalayas. They can run at a speed of 58 km/hour and they can live up-to 14 years. They is an opportunistic hunter and also eats carrion.
Cheetah – Acinonyx jubatus
The scientific name of Cheetah is “Acinonyx Jubatus”. They are the fastest land animal on land, capable of running at 80 to 128 km/h. They are found in two species one is normal cheetah and another is King cheetah. Their average life span is around 10-12 years. They are daylight hunter and before using their speed, cheetah use their keen eyesight to scan their grassland environment. They are mainly found central Asia and Africa.
Mountain Lion – Puma concolor
The scientific name of Mountain Lion is “Puma Concolor”. They can run at a speed of 80 km/hour and they can live up-to 12 years. These large cats are native of America and one of the rarest spices dangerous large cats in world.