“What is snake ?”
Snakes are not a mammal or amphibians, they are reptiles. They are one of the most dreaded creatures on Earth, but without substantive reasons. This may be an instinctual fear born into many creatures to protect them from predatory creatures.
The moment we heard about the word “snakes” most of us pictured a image of highly venomous or dangerous insect, but its really necessary to know the not all them are venomous.
Before we start about facts, let get some basic knowledge about them;
Suborder: Serpentes (Linnaeus)
Facts relating to their body structure, species and ancestors
- Snakes do not have ears as most of us think of an ear. They do have a sensory ear bone, called the columella, and which detects vibrations.
- They use their tongue to detect smells to find food or stay away from their enemies too.
- We all think their eyes move, but they do not move inside their head, and they do not have common eyelids.
- There is fossil evidence to suggest that snakes may have evolved from burrowing lizards, such as the varanids during the Cretaceous Period.
- They are so flexible, it may be tempting to think that have no bones. However they bones, in-facts they have hundred of bones, some of their species have more than human.
- Their are six rows of teeth present in them, one row on each side of the lower jaws and two rows on each side of the upper jaws.
- Like any other reptiles, their skin is covered by scales. They are entirely covered with scales or scutes of various shapes and sizes, known as snakeskin as a whole.
- There are more than 3000 (three thousand) species of snakes on the planet.
- They are found every where in world expect Antarctic, Ireland, Greenland, Iceland and New Zealand.
- About 600 species are venomous and only 7% of them are able to kill or significantly wound a person.
Facts relating to size, reproduction, habit
- About 7000 cases every year of snakes-bite registered in United state.
- Venomous snake-bite can can produce an array symptoms, including localized pain, swelling, nausea and even paralysis.
- If you are raising a snake as pet, it can be very risky. Owing them is responsibility that should not be taking lightly, they are not like another with whom can cuddle and let them roam in our house freely. Not every country allow you to keep them as your pet.
- They have a habit of shedding their skin, in once a month, this process of shedding skin is known as “ecdysis” . They rub against a tree branch or other object, then slither out of their skin head first, leaving it discarded inside-out.
- They gave birth to their new ones in form of egg, but few of they like the snakes found in sea give live birth to young. Very few of them pay attention to their eggs, with the exception of pythons, which incubate their eggs.
- Average length of them are 1 m (3.3 ft), but they can be found more them of their average size, like Titanoboa cerrejonesis 12.8 m (42 ft), Green Anaconda 5.21 m (17.1 ft), and they can be found in smaller version. The smallest found spices of them is The Barbados threasnake 2.5 cm.
- The most venomous or world deadliest is Oxyuranus Microlepidotus. It is found on the inland or western taipan.
- There is an island in Brazil called Elah da Qaimada which is now known as Snake Island. The Brazilian government has put banned on the arrival of humans.
- The World Health Organization estimates that nearly 81,000–138,000 people die each year from their bites worldwide, and about thrice that number survive and but are left with amputations and permanent disabilities World Health Organization (WHO).
- They are being worshiped by the people in many country such as India, South Africa, and many more.